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What Is a Solar Charge Controller?

On October 20, 2017, in Solar Equipment, by Lambert

A solar charge controller manages the power going into the battery bank from the solar array.  It ensures that the deep cycle batteries are not overcharged during the day and that the power doesn’t run backwards to the solar panels overnight and drains the batteries. Some charge controllers are available with additional capabilities, like lighting and load control, but managing the power is its primary job.

 

A solar charge controller is available in two different technologies, PWM and MPPT. How they perform in a system is very different from each other. An MPPT charge controller is more expensive than a PWM charge controller, and it is often worth it to pay the extra money.

 

PWM Solar Charge Controller

A PWM solar charge controller stands for “Pulse Width Modulation”. These operate by making a connection directly from the solar array to the battery bank. During bulk charging, when there is a continuous connection from the array to the battery bank, the array output voltage is ‘pulled down’ to the battery voltage. As the battery charges, the voltage of the battery rises, so the voltage output of the solar panel rises as well, using more of the solar power as it charges. As a result, you need to make sure you match the nominal voltage of the solar array with the voltage of the battery bank. *Note that when we refer to a 12V solar panel that means a panel that is designed to work with a 12V battery. The actual voltage of a 12V solar panel, when connected to a load, is close to 18 Vmp (Volts at maximum power). This is because a higher voltage source is required to charge a battery. If the battery and solar panel both started at the same voltage, the battery would not charge.

 

A 12V solar panel can charge a 12V battery. A 24V solar panel or solar array (two 12V panels wired in series) is needed for a 24V battery bank, and 48V array is needed for 48V bank. If you try to charge a 12V battery with a 24V solar panel, you will be throwing over half of the panel’s power away. If you try to charge a 24V battery bank with a 12V solar panel, you will be throwing away 100% of the panel’s potential, and may actually drain the battery as well.

 

MPPT Solar Charge Controller

An MPPT solar charge controller stands for “Maximum Power Point Tracking”.  It will measure the Vmp voltage of the panel, and down-converts the PV voltage to the battery voltage. Because power into the charge controller equals power out of the charge controller, when the voltage is dropped to match the battery bank, the current is raised, so you are using more of the available power from the panel. You can use a higher voltage solar array than battery, like the 60 cell nominal 20V grid-tie solar panels that are more readily available. With a 20V solar panel, you can charge a 12V battery bank, or two in series can charge up to a 24V battery bank, and three in series can charge up to a 48V battery bank. This opens up a whole wide range of solar panels that now can be used for your off-grid solar system.

 

The Key Features Of A Solar Charge Controller Are:

 

  • Multistage Charging Of Battery Bank:

Changes the amount of power set to the batteries based on its charge level, for healthier batteries.

  • Reverse Current Protection:

Stop the solar panels from draining the batteries at night when there is no power coming from the solar panels.

  • Low Voltage Disconnect:

Turn off attached load when battery is low and turns it back on when the battery is charged back up.

  • Lighting Control:

Turn attached light on and off based on dusk and dawn. Many controllers are configurable, allowing settings for a few hours or all night, or somewhere in between.

  • Display:

May show voltage of battery bank, state of charge, amps coming in from solar panel.

 

If you are looking for high quality solar charge controllers, I recommend that you can visit the website of Power Master Technology Co., Ltd. which is the professional solar panel manufacturer in the industry. You can find numerous solar charge controller related products on their website. Feel free to send inquiries to Power Master to obtain the product you need.

 

 

Article Source: https://www.altestore.com/store/info/solar-charge-controller/

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Find the professional Solar Panel Manufacturer – Taiwan Power Master Technology

On April 17, 2014, in Solar Equipment, by Lambert

pm-in04c.jpg

PM-S48-6M (175W~205W)

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Character:

TEST ID for each panel

Use high conversion efficiency solar cell

Bypass diode minimizes the power drop by shade

Using optical low Iron tempered glass, EVA resin, module with aluminum fame for outdoor use

Product guarantee 5 years

Limited power output warranty:

10 years on minimum 90% output

20 years on minimum 80% output

 

Company Profile

Established in 1999, Power Master is a young and rapidly growing company within DC To AC Power Inverter, AC to DC Battery Charger and UPS industry.

We specialize in Modified and Pure Sine Wave Power Inverters, Solar inverter, Inverter with built in Battery Charger, On Line & Off Line UPS, and designed three stage Battery Chargers.

With a global reach of many distributors worldwide, Power Master stands firms as one of the industry’s market leaders.

The company with industry integration expertise provide professional solution to accommodate customers specific needs in home and office appliances, mobile applications, marine, solar power applications, wind power, electronic equipments, and various application.

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Solar Inverter of Powercom

On July 12, 2010, in Solar Equipment, by Lambert

Powercom was founded in 1987, a leading solar inverter provider & UPS manufacturer in Taiwan. Powercom designs, manufactures, markets and services UPS system & uninterruptible power supply for end user, business and industry, from PCs to minicomputers. In addition, we offering wide ranges of solar inverter products & UPS systems. No matter you need off-line UPS, line interactive UPS, on-line UPS or PV inverter. As a professional solar inverter manufacturer, Powercom’s competitiveness is not only derived from hardware design but also from unique software research and development.

Address: 8F, No. 246, Lienchen Road, Chungho City, Taiwan
TEL: +886-2-22258552
FAX: +886-2-22251776
Contact Person: Amos Yu
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